Friday, May 22, 2015

Physics Syllabus 0653 Syllabus 2017-2018


Physics Syllabus 0653 Syllabus
The official CIE syllabus can be found here: http://goo.gl/oMfK7v
It is best to always refer to the original syllabus.

P1. Motion
1 Define speed and calculate average speed from: total distance total time
2 Plot and interpret a speed-time graph and a distance-time graph.
3 Recognise from the shape of a speed-time graph when a body is:
• at rest
• moving with constant speed
• moving with changing speed.
4 Recognise linear motion for which the acceleration is constant, and calculate the acceleration. *
5 Recognise motion for which the acceleration is not constant.*
6 Calculate the area under a speed-time graph to work out the distance travelled for motion with constant acceleration.*
7 Demonstrate a qualitative understanding that acceleration is related to changing speed.

P2. Matter and forces
2.1 Mass and weight
1 Be able to distinguish between the mass and weight of an object.
2 Know that the Earth is the source of a gravitational field.
3 Describe, and use the concept of, weight as the effect of a gravitational field on a mass.

2.2 Density
1 Describe an experiment to determine the density of a liquid and of a regularly shaped solid, and make the necessary calculation using the equation: density = mass / volume or d = m / V
2 Describe the determination of the density of an irregularly shaped solid by the method of displacement, and make the necessary calculation.

2.3 Effects of forces
1 Know that a force is measured in newtons (N).
2 Describe how forces may change the size, shape and motion of a body.
3 Plot and interpret extension-load graphs and describe the associated experimental procedure.
4 State Hooke’s Law and recall and use the expression: force = constant × extension (F = kx).
5 Recognise the significance of the term ‘limit of proportionality’ for an extension / load graph.

P3. Energy, work and power
3.1 Energy
1 Know that energy and work are measured in joules (J), and power in watts (W).
2 Demonstrate understanding that an object may have energy due to its motion (kinetic energy, K.E.) or its position (potential energy, P.E.), and that energy may be transferred and stored.
3 Recall and use the expressions K.E. = 2 1 mv2 and P.E. = mgh *
4 Give and identify examples of energy in different forms, including kinetic, gravitational, chemical, nuclear, thermal (heat), electrical, light and sound.
5 Give and identify examples of the conversion of energy from one form to another, and of its transfer from one place to another.
6 Apply the principle of energy conservation to simple examples.*

3.2 Energy resources
1 Distinguish between renewable and non-renewable sources of energy.
2 Know that the Sun is the source of energy for all our energy resources except geothermal and nuclear.
3 Describe how electricity or other useful forms of energy may be obtained from:
• chemical energy stored in fuel
• water, including the energy stored in waves, in tides, and in water behind hydroelectric dams
• geothermal resources
• heat and light from the Sun (solar cells and panels)
• wind.
4 Give advantages and disadvantages of each method in terms of reliability, scale and environmental impact.
5 Demonstrate a qualitative understanding of efficiency.
6 Recall and use the equation: efficiency = useful energy output energy input × 100%

3.3 Work
1 Relate (without calculation) work done to the magnitude of a force and the distance moved.
2 Describe energy changes in terms of work done.
3 Recall and use W = F × d

3.4 Power
1 Relate (without calculation) power to work done and time taken, using appropriate examples.
2 Recall and use the equation P = E / t in simple systems.

P4. Simple kinetic molecular model of matter
4.1 States of matter
1 State the distinguishing properties of solids, liquids and gases.

4.2 Molecular model
1 Describe qualitatively the molecular structure of solids, liquids and gases.
2 Relate the properties of solids, liquids and gases to the forces and distances between molecules and to the motion of the molecules.
3 Interpret the temperature of a gas in terms of the motion of its molecules.

4.3 Evaporation
1 Describe evaporation in terms of the escape of more energetic molecules from the surface of a liquid.
2 Relate evaporation to the consequent cooling.

P5. Matter and thermal properties
1 Describe qualitatively the thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases.
2 Identify and explain some of the everyday applications and consequences of thermal expansion.
3 State the meaning of melting point and boiling point.

P6. Transfer of thermal energy
6.1 Conduction
1 Describe experiments to demonstrate the properties of good and bad conductors of heat.
2 Explain heat transfer in solids in terms of molecular motion.

6.2 Convection
1 Recognise convection as the main method of heat transfer in liquids and gases.
2 Relate convection in fluids to density changes.
3 Describe experiments to illustrate convection in liquids and gases.

6.3 Radiation
1 Recognise radiation as the method of heat transfer that does not require a medium to travel through.
2 Identify infra-red radiation as the part of the electromagnetic spectrum often involved in heat transfer by radiation.
3 Describe experiments to show the properties of good and bad emitters and good and bad absorbers of infra-red radiation.

6.4 Consequences of energy transfer
1 Identify and explain some of the everyday applications and consequences of conduction, convection and radiation.

P7. Waves
7.1 General wave properties
1 Describe what is meant by wave motion as illustrated by vibration in ropes and springs and by experiments using water waves.
2 Distinguish between transverse and longitudinal waves and give suitable examples*
3 State the meaning of and use the terms speed, frequency, wavelength and amplitude.
4 Recall and use the equation v = f λ *
5 Identify how a wave can be reflected off a plane barrier and can change direction as its speed changes.*

P8. Light
8.1 Reflection of light
1 Describe the formation and give the characteristics of an optical image formed by a plane mirror.
2 Perform simple constructions, measurements and calculations based on reflections in plane mirrors.
3 Use the law: angle of incidence, i = angle of reflection, r.

8.2 Refraction of light
1 Describe an experimental demonstration of the refraction of light.
2 Identify and describe internal and total internal reflection using ray diagrams.
3 Describe, using ray diagrams, the passage of light through parallel-sided transparent material, indicating the angle of incidence i and angle of refraction r.
4 State the meaning of critical angle.
5 Describe the action of optical fibres, particularly in medicine and communications technology.

8.3 Thin converging lens
1 Describe the action of a thin converging lens on a beam of light, using ray diagrams.
2 Use the terms principal focus and focal length.

 P9. Electromagnetic spectrum
1 Describe the main features of the electromagnetic spectrum.
2 State that all electromagnetic waves travel with the same high speed in vacuum.*
3 Describe the role of electromagnetic waves in:
• radio and television communications (radio waves)
• satellite television and telephones (microwaves)
• electrical appliances, remote controllers for televisions and intruder alarms (infra-red)
• medicine and security (X-rays).
4 Demonstrate an awareness of safety issues regarding the use of microwaves and X-rays.

P10. Sound
1 Describe the production of sound by vibrating sources.
2 Describe transmission of sound in air in terms of compressions and rarefactions.*
3 State the approximate human range of audible frequencies.
4 Demonstrate understanding that a medium is needed to transmit sound waves.
5 Describe an experiment to determine the speed of sound in air.
6 State the order of magnitude of the speed of sound in air, liquids and solids.*
7 Relate the loudness and pitch of sound waves to amplitude and frequency.
8 Describe how the reflection of sound may produce an echo.

P11. Electricity
11.1 Electrical quantities
1 Demonstrate understanding of current, potential difference and resistance, and use with their appropriate units.
2 Use and describe the use of an ammeter and a voltmeter.

11.2 Electric charge
1 Describe simple experiments to show the production and detection of electrostatic charges.
2 State that there are positive and negative charges.
3 State that unlike charges attract and that like charges repel.
5 Distinguish between electrical conductors and insulators and give typical examples.
4 Describe an electric field as a region in which an electric charge experiences a force.*

11.3 Current and potential difference
1 State that current is related to the flow of charge.
2 State that the current in metals is due to a flow of electrons.
3 Use the term potential difference (p.d.) to describe what drives the current between two points in a circuit.

11.4 Resistance
1 State that resistance = p.d. / current and understand qualitatively how changes in p.d. or resistance affect current.
2 Recall and use the equation R = V / I.
3 Relate (without calculation) the resistance of a wire to its length and to its diameter.*
4 Describe an experiment to determine resistance using a voltmeter and an ammeter.

11.5 Electrical energy
1 Recall and use the equations P = IV and E = IVt

11.6 Dangers of electricity
1 Identify electrical hazards including:
• damaged insulation
• overheating of cables
• damp conditions.
2 Demonstrate understanding of the use of fuses.

P12. Electric circuits
12.1 Circuit diagrams
1 Draw and interpret circuit diagrams containing sources, switches, resistors (fixed and variable), lamps, ammeters, voltmeters and fuses.

12.2 Series and parallel circuits
1 Demonstrate understanding that the current at every point in a series circuit is the same.
2 Recall and use the fact that the sum of the p.d.s across the components in a series circuit is equal to the total p.d. across the supply.*
3 Calculate the combined resistance of two or more resistors in series.
4 State that, for a parallel circuit, the current from the source is larger than the current in each branch.
5 Recall and use the fact that the current from the source is the sum of the currents in the separate branches of a parallel circuit.*
6 State that the combined resistance of two resistors in parallel is less than that of either resistor by itself.
7 State the advantages of connecting lamps in parallel in a lighting circuit.